The increasing popularity of Mexican cuisine has boosted sales for ground cumin. The spice is a key ingredient in traditional tamales, enchiladas and frijoles refritos (refried beans).
Cumin is the dried seed harvested from the herb Cuminum Cyminum
, a member of the parsley
family. Also known as comino, this spice has a distinctive aromatic odor and a slightly bitter, but warm taste. It plays a major role in Mexican, Thai, Vietnamese and Indian cuisines, and it's also a popular seasoning in the fiery chili recipes of the southwestern U.S.
An ancient spice, cumin has been found in the tombs of Pharaohs and mentioned in the Old Testament. In the Middle Ages, European superstition cited that cumin kept lovers (and chickens) from wandering. Brides of that era would carry cumin seeds during wedding ceremonies as a sign of faithfulness to their grooms.
Cumin comes in whole seeds or ground powder. The seeds are elliptical in shape and yellowish-brown in color. Ground cumin is a bright khaki powder with a slightly oily texture. It's stronger in flavor than the whole seeds.
As with all spices, store cumin in an airtight container away from light and heat. Use it within six months of purchase.
Ground cumin loses pungency faster than whole seeds. If it's clumpy or dull in color, replace it.
A pinch of cumin can give your everyday recipes an exciting change of pace. Use cumin seeds in marinades
or add them to your cooking water when preparing dried beans
or pot roast. They also add fresh flavor to bottled salad dressings and barbecue sauce.
Stir ground cumin into your tomato sauce
, beef stew and black bean, lentil or chicken soups. Cumin also makes a great seasoning for meatloaf
, shish kebab and Mexican-style rice.
Bring out the wonderfully earthy flavor of cumin (seeds or ground) by lightly toasting
in a dry fry pan for two to three minutes before adding to recipes. Or heat it with a little garlic
and olive oil
and drizzle over cooked vegetables.
When cumin is not available, an equal amount of chili powder is an acceptable substitute for most recipes.
Try one of our favorite cumin recipes: