This canned, unsweetened milk is made from fresh, homogenized milk that has about half of its water content removed. Because it is heat-sterilized, evaporated milk has a caramelized, cooked flavor that is not appreciated by all who taste it. But it is especially useful for adding rich flavor and smooth, creamy texture to recipes – particularly cooked casseroles, puddings, sauces, custards and baked goods.
Evaporated milk is sold in 5- and 12-ounce cans in whole (at least 7.9% milk fat), low-fat (about 4% milk fat) and nonfat (1/2% milk fat or less) varieties.
Unopened cans may be stored at room temperature for up to six months. Once opened, transfer to an airtight container and use within one week.
As a result of the water removal, evaporated milk becomes richer, creamier and also higher in calories. However, it has half the total fat content of regular whole milk, and more than twice the amount of calcium and protein.
View BigOven's evaporated-milk recipes