Mushrooms are a fungus that reflect the rich earthy flavors of their growing medium. They multiply in the dark through dispersal of microscopic spores. Most cultivated mushroom crops are grown without the use of pesticides or chemicals.
The most readily available mushroom types include:
Cultivated varieties are grown in controlled environments and pasteurized compost. Wild and specialty mushrooms can harbor more debris.
Note that truffles, while a member of the fungi family, are not mushrooms.
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